Tense Rules With Examples in English Grammar

Tense Rules With Examples in English Grammar


Introduction

Hello everyone today I am going to share with you “Tense Rules With Examples in English Grammar”. In this article, I wrote to explain all the rules of tenses more easily to make you understand easily. After reading this article (Tense Rules With Examples in English Grammar), you will be able to describe any type of tense, to form any type of sentence easily so let’s get started.

TENSE: – There are three types of tense:

  1. Past Tense
  2. Present Tense
  3. Future Tense
Each tense has four types of tense:
  1. Simple Tense
  2. Continuous Tense
  3. Perfect Tense
  4. Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Tense: (Tense Rules With Examples in English Grammar)

Tense Rules With Examples in English Grammar

1.) Simple Past [To express simple actions of past]

A) Affirmative: [subject + v2 + object]

Note: – Generally we do not use a helping verb in the structure of Simple Past Tense.

For instance:

  • I went to the market yesterday.
  • He wrote me a letter two days ago.
  • I saw my boss in the market.

B) Negative: [subject + did + not + v1 + object]

For instance:

  • I did not agree with her.
  • He did not go to college.
  • You did not come to my house yesterday.

C) Interrogative: [did + subject + v1 + object +?]

[WH word + did + subject + v1 + object +?]

For instance:

  • Why did you come to college yesterday?
  • Did he know me?
  • What did she know about me?

D) Interrogative Negative: [did + subject + not + v1 + object +?] or [didn’t + subject + v1 + object +?]

[WH word + did + subject + not + v1 + object +?] Or [WH word + didn’t + subject + v1 + object +?]

For instance:

  • Why did you not go to school on Monday? Or why didn’t you go to school on Monday?
  • Did you not know him? Or didn’t you know him?
  • Why did you not eat today? Or why didn’t you eat today?
2.) Past Continuous Tense: [To express any action that was going on in the past]

A) Affirmative: [subject + was/were + v4(verb+ing) + object]

For instance:

  • I was going to work yesterday.
  • He was coming to me on Sunday.
  • They were playing cricket together.

B) Negative: [subject + was/were + not + v4(verb+ing) + object]

For instance:

  • I was not playing football last day.
  • We were not studying yesterday.
  • He was not coming to school last Monday.

C) Interrogative: [was/were + subject + v4(verb+ing) + object?]

[WH word + was/were + subject + v4(verb+ing) + object?]

For instance:

  • What were you playing in the morning?
  • Was she waiting for me in the office?
  • Why were they playing cards in the class?

D) Interrogative Negative: [was/were + subject + not + v4(verb+ing) + object?] or [wasn’t/weren’t + subject + v4(verb+ing) + object?]

[WH word + was/were + subject + not + v4(verb+ing) + object?] or [WH word + wasn’t/weren’t + subject + v4(verb+ing) + object?]

For instance:

  • Why weren’t you playing football with us? Or Why were you not playing football with us?
  • Wasn’t he learning English last night? Or was he not learning English last night?
  • Weren’t they studying English yesterday? Or Were they not studying English yesterday?

3.) Past Perfect Tense: [Any action that started in the past and finished in the past]

A) Affirmative: [subject + had + v3 (past participle) + object]

For instance:

  • I had finished all the work.
  • She had solved all the sums.
  • They had warned me.

B) Negative: [subject + had + not + v3 (past participle) + object]

For instance:

  • They had gone to their house.
  • I had not followed the advice of my father.
  • She had not finished all the work.

C) Interrogative: [had + subject + v3 (past participle) + object+?]

[WH word + had + subject + v3 (past participle) + object+?]

For instance:

  • Had you followed my advice?
  • Had he prepared the food?
  • Why had I had my dinner before coming to my friend?

D) Interrogative Negative: [had + subject + not + v3 (past participle) + object+?] or [hadn’t + subject + v3 (past participle) + object+?]

[WH word + had + subject + not + v3 (past participle) + object+?] or [WH word + hadn’t + subject + v3 (past participle) + object+?]

For instance:

  • Why had you not gone to work? Or why hadn’t you gone to work?
  • Had she not finished her work on time? Or hadn’t she finished her work on time?
  • What had he not prepared in the food? Or what hadn’t he prepared in the food?

4.) Past Perfect Continuous Tense [Any action that was going in the past and the time was mentioned]

A) Affirmative: [subject + had + been + v4(verb+ing) + object + since/for]

For instance:

  • I had been watching TV shows since morning.
  • She had been waiting for me for two hours.
  • They had been cooling delicious food for 5 hours.

B) Negative: [subject + had + not + been + v4(verb+ing) + object + since/for]

For instance:

  • He had not been going to college for a week.
  • We had not been studying History since morning.
  • I had not been playing football for an hour.

C) Interrogative: [had + subject + been + v4(verb+ing) + object + since/for+?]

[WH word + had + subject + been + v4(verb+ing) + object + since/for+?]

For instance:

  • Why had he been driving the car for five hours?
  • Had they been waiting for me since morning?
  • Had she been reading a novel for an hour?

D) Interrogative Negative: [had + subject + not + been + v4(verb+ing) + object + since/for+?] or [hadn’t + subject + been + v4(verb+ing) + object + since/for+?]

[WH word + had + subject + not + been + v4(verb+ing) + object + since/for+?] or [WH word + hadn’t + subject + been + v4(verb+ing) + object + since/for+?]

For instance:

  • Had I not been learning English for one year? Or Hadn’t I been learning English for one year?
  • Why had you not reading a novel since morning? Or why hadn’t you reading a novel since morning?
  • What had they not playing cricket for three hours? Or what hadn’t they playing cricket for three hours?

Present Tense (Tense Rules With Examples in English Grammar)

Tense Rules With Examples in English Grammar

5.) Simple Present [Present Indefinite]

A) Affirmative: [subject + v1+(s/es) + object]

Note: – Generally we do not need a helping verb in the structure of simple present tense.

For instance:

  • He plays soccer in the morning.
  • I go to school daily.
  • We learn English on this website.

B) Negative: [subject + do/does + v1(base form) + object] or [subject + never+ v1(base form) + object]

(Do + Not = don’t, Does + Not = doesn’t)

For instance:

  • I do not play cricket. Or I don’t play cricket.
  • She does not go to college. Or she doesn’t play cricket.
  • They do not study at home. Or they don’t study at home.
  • I never eat fast food.

C) Interrogative: [does/do + subject + v1(base form) + object+?]

[WH word + does/do + subject + v1(base form) + object+?]

For instance:

  • Does she go to market with him?
  • What do you know about me?
  • What do they want to know about me?

D) Interrogative Negative: [does/do + subject + not + v1(Base form) + object+?] or [doesn’t/don’t + subject + v1(base form) + object+?]

[WH word + does/do + subject + not + v1(base form) + object+?] or [WH word + doesn’t/don’t + subject + v1(base form) + object+?]

For instance:

  • Don’t you go to your English academy? Or do you not go to your English academy?
  • Does she not complete her homework on time? Or doesn’t she complete her homework on time?
  • Do they not work in a big company? Or don’t they work in a big company?

6.) Present Continuous Tense: [Any action that is going on at present]

A) Affirmative: [subject + is/am/are + v4(verb+ing) + object]

For instance:

  • She is listening to the radio.
  • I am watching an English video.
  • They are studying History.

B) Negative: [subject + is/am/are + not + v4(verb+ing) + object]

For instance:

  • She is not going to college.
  • I am not focusing on my studies.
  • You are not preparing for your exams.

C) Interrogative: [is/am/are + subject + v4(verb+ing) + object+?]

[WH word + is/am/are + subject + v4(verb+ing) + object+?]

For instance:

  • Where are you going?
  • Am I studying Science?
  • Is she going to sleep?

C) Interrogative Negative: [is/am/are + subject + not + v4(verb+ing) + object+?] or [Isn’t/aren’t + subject + not + v4(verb+ing) + object+?]

[WH word + is/am/are + subject + not + v4(verb+ing) + object+?] or [WH word + isn’t/aren’t + subject + v4(verb+ing) + object+?]

For instance:

  • Why are you not asking me? Or why aren’t you asking me?
  • Am I not playing football? Or aren’t I playing football?
  • Is he not pursuing his masters this year? Or isn’t he pursuing his masters?

7.) Present Perfect Tense: [Any action that started in the past and recently finished]

A) Affirmative: [subject + has/have + v3(past participle) + object]

For instance:

  • He has finished his homework.
  • I have completed my graduation in mathematics.
  • We have already seen this movie.

B) Negative: [subject + has/have + not + v3(past participle) + object]

(Has + not = Hasn’t, Have + not = haven’t)

For instance:

  • I have not read this novel. Or I haven’t read this novel.
  • He has not reached his house. Or He hasn’t reached his house.
  • They have not washed their clothes yet. Or they haven’t washed their clothes yet.

C) Interrogative: [has/have + subject + v3(past participle) + object+?]

[WH word + has/have + subject + v3(past participle) + object+?]

For instance:

  • Have you had your dinner yet?
  • What have I done today?
  • Why has he gone home?

D) Interrogative Negative: [has/have + subject + not + v3(past participle) + object+?] or [hasn’t/haven’t + subject + v3(past participle) + object+?]

[WH word + has/have + subject + not + v3(past participle) + object+?] or [WH word + hasn’t/haven’t + subject + v3(past participle) + object+?]

For instance:

  • Why has he not gone to college today? Or why hasn’t he gone to college today?
  • Have I not finished my homework? Or Haven’t I finished my homework?
  • Have we not played football? Or haven’t we played football?

8) Present Perfect Continuous Tense: [Any action that started in the past and still going on with time]

Since- Point of time

For- Period of time

A) Affirmative: [subject + has/have + V3(past participle) + object + since/for]

For instance:

  • I have been learning English for 2 years.
  • They have been playing football since morning.
  • She has been waiting for her father for 2 hours at the railway station.

B) Negative: [subject + has/have + not + v3(past participle) + object + since/for]

For instance:

  • I have not been reading a novel since the afternoon.
  • He has been teaching the English language for 5 years.
  • We have been going to college for 3 years.

C) Interrogative: [has/have + subject + v3(past participle) + object + since/for+?]

[WH word + has/have + subject + v3(past participle) + object + since/for+?]

For instance:

  • What have you been doing since morning?
  • Why has she been teaching to her students for 2 hours?
  • What have I been running along the road for 1 hour?

D) Interrogative Negative: [has/have + subject + not + v3(past participle) + object + since/for+?] or [hasn’t/haven’t + subject + v3(past participle) + object + since/for+?]

[WH word + has/have + subject + not + v3(past participle) + object + since/for+?] or [WH word + hasn’t/haven’t + subject + v3(past participle) + object + since/for+?]

For instance:

  • What has she not doing since morning? Or what hasn’t she been doing since morning?
  • Have I not been working in this company for 5 years? Or haven’t I been working in this company for 5 years?
  • Have they not been waiting for me since the afternoon? Or Haven’t they been waiting for me since the afternoon?
Future Tense (Tense Rules With Examples in English Grammar)

Tense Rules With Examples in English Grammar

9) Simple Future: [To express simple actions of future]

Note: In the case of “I/We”, we can use any one of them “Will/Shall” and it will apply only in Affirmative and Negative.

A) Affirmative: [subject + will/shall + v1(base form) + object]

For instance:

  • I will buy a big house.
  • We shall go to college.
  • He will complete his work.

B) Negative: [subject + will/shall + not + v1(base form) + object]

For instance:

  • I will not buy a luxury car.
  • I shall not go to school.
  • They will not come to my house.

C) Interrogative: [will/shall + subject + v1(base form) + object+?]

[WH word + will/shall + subject + v1(base form) + object+?]

Note: In the case of I/We, we can use only “Shall” and it will apply only in Interrogative and Interrogative Negative.

For instance:

  • What will you do after completing your graduation?
  • Shall I pass this exam?
  • Why shall we complete our homework on time?

D) Interrogative: [will/shall + subject + not + v1(base form) + object+?] or [won’t/shan’t + subject + v1(base form) + object+?]

[WH word + will/shall + subject + not + v1(base form) + object+?] or [WH word + won’t/shan’t + subject + V1(base form) + object+?]

For instance:

  • Why will you not come to me today? Or why won’t you come to me today?
  • Shall I not pass the exam? Or shan’t I pass the exam?
  • Will he not help me with my work? Or won’t he help me with my work?

10) Future Continuous Tense: [Any action that will be going on in the future.]

A) Affirmative: [subject + will/shall + be + v4(present participle) + object]

For instance:

  • I will be listening to the radio.
  • She will be pursuing her masters next year.
  • We shall be going to the market.

B) Negative: [subject + will/shall + not + be + V4(present participle) + object]

For instance:

  •  I will not be going to school. Or I won’t be going to school.
  • We shall not be coming to our house. Or we shan’t be coming to our house.
  • They will not be studying English. Or they won’t be studying English.

C) Interrogative: [will/shall + subject + be + v4(present participle) + object+?]

[WH word + will/shall + subject + be + v4(present participle) + object+?]

For instance:

  • What will you be eating at your dinner?
  • Shall we be going to Paris?
  • Will they be running in the morning?

D) Interrogative Negative: [will/shall + subject + not + be + v4(present participle) + object+?] or [won’t/shan’t + subject + be + v4(present participle) + object+?]

[WH word + will/shall + subject + not + be + v4(present participle) + object+?] or [WH word + won’t/shan’t + subject + be + v4(present participle) + object+?]

For instance:

  • What will you not be drinking in the summer season? Or what won’t you be drinking in the summer season?
  • Shall we not be helping the needy people? Or shan’t we be helping the needy people?
  • Will she not be learning Science on YouTube? Or won’t she be learning Science on YouTube?

11) Future Perfect Tense: [Any action that will be completed in the future.]

A) Affirmative: [subject + will/shall + have + v3(past participle) + object]

For instance:

  • I will have finished my work.
  • She will have solved all the questions.
  • We shall have gone to India.

B) Negative: [subject + will/shall + not + have + v3(past participle) + object]

For instance:

  • They will not have completed their work on time.
  • I shall not have gone to college today.
  • You will not have completed your graduation next year.

C) Interrogative: [will/shall + subject + have + v3(past participle) + object+?]

[WH word + will/shall + subject + have + v3(past participle) + Object+?]

For instance:

  • Will he have passed the exam?
  • Why shall I have finished the topic?
  • Shall we have gone to the market?

D) Interrogative negative: [will/shall + subject + not + have + V3(past participle) + object+?] or [won’t/shan’t + subject + have + v3(past participle) + object+?]

[WH word + will/shall + subject + not + have + V3(past participle) + object+?] or [WH word + won’t/shan’t + subject + have + v3(past participle) + object+?]

For instance:

  • Why will he not have finished his work on time? Or why won’t he have finished his work on time?
  • Shall we not have sung a song? Or shan’t we have sung a song?
  • What shall I not have finished my dinner? Or what shan’t I have finished my dinner?
12) Future Perfect Continuous Tense: [Any action which is going on in the future and time will be mentioned]

A) Affirmative: [subject + will/shall + have + v4(present participle) + object + since/for]

For instance:

  • She will have been watching movies since morning.
  • I shall have been playing soccer for two hours.
  • You will have been singing a song since the afternoon.

B) Negative: [subject + will/shall + not + have + v4(present participle) + object + since/for]

For instance:

  • Many people will not have been learning English for five years.
  • The poor will not have been suffering from fever for one week.
  • I will not have been taking admission in a college for two years.

C) Interrogative: [will/shall + subject + have + v4(present participle) + object + since/for+?]

[WH word + will/shall + subject + have + v4(present participle) + object + since/for+?]

For instance:

  • Will she have been waiting for me for half an hour?
  • What will he have been learning since morning?
  • Will they have been playing football since 2030?

D) Interrogative Negative: [will/shall + subject + not + have + v4(present participle) + object + Since/For+?] or [Won’t/Shan’t + subject + have + v4(present participle) + object + since/for+?]

[WH word + will/shall + subject + not + have + v4(present participle) + object + since/for+?] or [WH word + won’t/Shan’t + subject + have + v4(present participle) + object + since/for+?]

For instance:

  • Will they not have been waiting for me since evening to join the party? Or won’t they have been waiting for me since evening to join the party?
  • Shall I not have been playing cricket since 2022? Or shan’t I have been playing cricket since 2022?
  • Will the rich not have been helping the poor for 5 years? Or won’t the rich have been helping the poor for 5 years?

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