English Conditional Sentences With Examples

English Conditional Sentences With Examples


Introduction

Hello everyone, today I am glad to share with you an article which is ‘(English Conditional Sentences With Examples)‘. In this article, you will learn about all 4 types of conditional sentences with examples (Zero conditional, first conditional, second conditional, third conditional) and after reading this article properly, you will be able to use all 4 types of conditional sentences in different kinds of sentences.

English Conditional Sentences With Examples
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Why should we learn about conditional sentences?

We should learn about conditional sentences because it’s essential to use them in the sentences properly when we use conditional sentences so let’s talk about them one by one with examples.

These are:

  1. Zero Conditional Sentences
  2. First Conditional Sentences
  3. Second Conditional Sentences
  4. Third Conditional Sentences

Zero Conditional Sentences (English Conditional Sentences With Examples)

Usage #1

Use the zero conditional to talk about facts/habits/rules or things that are generally true.

Note:- If we use “IF” or “WHEN” in the middle of any sentence, we cannot use comma(,) in that sentence.

  • When we heat ice, it melts.
  • When fish don’t eat enough, they die.
  • If we don’t take a shower daily, we get diseases.

Usage #2

The zero conditional uses if or when and must be followed by the simple present.

  • If people eat too much, they get fat.
  • When babies get hungry, they cry.
  • When we press the button, the doorbell rings.
  • If somebody plays with our feelings, we hurt.

Usage #3

The zero conditional is also often used to give instructions.

  • If he wants to come, inform me before 6:00 pm.
  • If John phones, tell him to meet me at the supermarket.

Usage #4

It is important to remember that this condition is not related to the past, present, or future – it only applies to things that are ALWAYS true.

English Conditional Sentences With Examples

  • If you come to me, I will help you.
  • If I have enough money, I will him some money.
  • I won’t sleep early if I drink tea at night.

First Conditional Sentences (English Conditional Sentences With Examples)

Structure (if + present simple, …will+ base verb(first form of the verb)

Note:- The zero conditional describes what happens in general.

The first conditional describes a particular situation.

Usage

Talk about the things which might happen in the future and commonly it’s used when we talk about future possible plans, promises, warnings, threats, or for persuading someone.

  • If I go to Agra next year, I will visit the Taj Mahal.
  • I will be late if the bus is delayed.
  • If He doesn’t study today, he will fail in the exam.
  • If I take this medicine, I will feel better.

Second Conditional Sentences (English Conditional Sentences With Examples)

Structure:- (If + past simple,……. Would/could/might + infinitive) or (Would/could/might + infinitive + if + past simple) [If he came to me, I would help him.]

Note:- The first conditional describes a future possibility.
The second conditional describes an imaginary situation.

Usage #1

Basically it’s used to talk about impossible or imaginary situations, which is probably happened.

  • If I opened a hospital, I would give free service to all citizens.
  • I would buy a luxury car if I won the lottery.
  • If he was not busy with his work, he would go on holiday.
  • If I were a bird, I would fly.
  • What would you do if you won the lottery?
  • If you came to me, I could help out.
  • There could be fewer accidents if everyone drove more carefully.

Third Conditional Sentences (English Conditional Sentences With Examples)

Structure:-  (If  + past perfect,……would/could/might + have + past participle(V3)) or (would/could/might + have + past participle(V3)),…… If  + past perfect)

Usage #1

It’s used to talk about something in the past that did not happen + imagine the result of the situation.

  • If he had reached on the time at the station, he wouldn’t have missed his train.
  • I could have helped you in that condition if you had come to me.
  • He would have told me if he had seen her.
  • If I had sent him an e-mail, he might have replied to me.
  • I could have been on time if I hadn’t missed the bus.
  • If Johnson had studied harder, he couldn’t have failed his exam.

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