Direct and Indirect Speech Rules Part-2

Direct and Indirect Speech Rules Part-2


Introduction

Hello everyone, today I am going to publish Part-2 of Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Firstly in this article, you will learn how to change pronouns in Indirect speech with examples. Secondly, you will learn about Interrogative Sentences (Narration). Moreover, you will learn about a few special rules because, in the part- 1, I have published some basic and advanced rules. So let’s start today’s topic.

Direct and Indirect Speech Rules Part-2
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Persons Pronouns Change Accordingly
Ist Person I, We Subject
IInd Person Your Object
IIIrd Person He, She, They, It, Proper No change

Direct and Indirect Speech Rules Part-2

Condition no. 1:- Now you can see in these two the given sentences “Reported Speech’s subject is (the first person pronoun), so we will change it according to the ‘Subject’ that is given in “Reporting Verb” and “Tense” also will change according to the condition/situation so let’s look on it.

For instance:

  • John said to Smith, “I have finished the work.” (Direct Speech)
  • John told Smith that he had finished the work. (Indirect Speech)
  • She said to me, “I have not done my homework today.” (Direct Speech)
  • She told me that she had not done her homework that day. (Indirect Speech)

Condition no. 2: Now you can see in these two the given sentences “Reported Speech’s subject is (the second person pronoun), so we will change it according to the ‘Object’ that is given in “Reporting Verb” and “Tense” also will change according to the condition/situation so let’s look on it.

For instance:

  • Jessica said to Smith, “You are an intelligent boy.” (Direct Speech)
  • Jessica told Smith that He was an intelligent boy. (Indirect Speech)
  • She said to him, “You can pass the exam.” (Direct Speech)
  • She told him that he could pass the exam. (Indirect Speech)

Condition no. 3: Now you can see in these two the given sentences “Reported Speech’s subject is (the second person pronoun), so we will not change it in “Reporting Verb”, but “Tense” will change according to the condition/situation so let’s look on it.

For instance:

  • David said to me, “They can complete their work on time.” (Direct Speech)
  • David told me that they could complete their work on time. (Indirect Speech)
  • I said to Thomas, “She is singing a song.” (Direct Speech)
  • I told Thomas that she was singing a song. (Indirect Speech)

Interrogative Sentences

As we know that we have two types of interrogative sentences

  1. Helping verb + Subject + …………….?
  2. WH Word/Question word + Helping verb + Subject + ……………………?

So what we do when we change it “Direct speech to Indirect speech”

If we have interrogative sentences in “Direct Speech”, we change it in simple sentences in “Indirect Speech”

Let’s have a look at it.

There are a few steps that we have to follow when we change “Direct Speech to Indirect Speech.”

  • Helping verb: If a reported speech starts with “Helping verb”, then
  1. Reporting verb will change into “Asked” in Indirect Speech
  2. Connective word–––– If/Whether
  3. Indirect speech––––– (Simple tense)–––If + Reported Speech (Subject + Helping verb…..)
  4. Tense and pronouns will also change according to the condition.
  5. In the Indirect speech, we will remove the interrogative sign because we will have changed it into simple tense.

For instance:

  • I said to him, “Will you help me?” (Direct Speech)
  • I asked him if he would help me. (Indirect Speech)
  • Roma said to them, “Did I tell a lie?” (Direct Speech)
  • Roma asked them if she had told a lie. (Indirect Speech)
  • She said to us, “Are you studying English?” (Direct Speech)
  • She asked us if we were studying English. (Indirect Speech)
  • I said to her, “Am I disturbing you?” (Direct Speech)
  • I asked her if I was disturbing her. (Indirect Speech)
  • We said to him, “Can you solve this question?” (Direct Speech)
  • I asked her if I was disturbing her. (Indirect Speech)
  • We said to him, “Can you solve this question?” (Direct Speech)
  • We asked him if he could solve that question. (Indirect Speech)
  • He said to us, “Do you know my name.” (Direct Speech)
  • He asked us if we knew his name. (Indirect Speech)
Direct and Indirect Speech Rules Part-2
  • WH-Word: If a reported speech starts with “WH-Word”, then
  1. Reporting verb will change into “Asked” in Indirect Speech
  2. Connective word–––– Same as given in a sentence
  3. Indirect speech––––– (Simple tense)–––WH-word + Reported Speech (Subject + Helping verb…..)
  4. Tense and pronouns will also change according to the condition.
  5. In the Indirect speech, we will remove the interrogative sign because we will have changed it into simple tense.

For instances:

  • He said to her, “What are you doing?” (Direct Speech)
  • He asked her what she was doing. (Indirect Speech)
  • Roman said to me, “When will you return my book?” (Direct Speech)
  • Roman asked me when I would return his book. (Indirect Speech)
  • I said to them, “How did you come here?” (Direct Speech)
  • I asked them how they had come there. (Indirect Speech)
  • Peter said to us, “How many books do you want?” (Direct Speech)
  • Peter asked us how many books we wanted. (Indirect Speech)
  • Jessica said to them, “How much work did you complete yesterday?” (Direct Speech)
  • Jessica asked them how much work they had completed the previous day. (Indirect Speech)
  • I said to him, “When will you help me?” (Direct Speech)
  • I asked him when he would help me. (Indirect Speech)
  • He said to them, “What am I going to play?” (Direct Speech)
  • He asked them what he was going to play. (Indirect Speech)
  • I said to her, “Where are you going?” (Direct Speech)
  • I asked her where she was going. (Indirect Speech)
Special Use of ‘Whether’ in Interrogative Sentences

Note: If we have two options in Reported speech and have to choose one, we will use ‘whether’ rather than if.

Basically it is used in interrogative sentences so let’s look at it in a few sentences.

  • She said to him, “Will you go with me or not?”
  • She asked him whether he would go with her or not.
  • He said to me, “Do you like tea or coffee?”
  • He asked me whether I liked tea or coffee.
  • Roma said to me, “will Jessica play soccer with her or not?”
  • Roma asked me whether Jessica would play with her or not.
  • He said to me, “Do I want to eat something or not?”
  • He asked me whether he wanted to eat something or not.
  • Robin said to me, “can you complete all the work or not?”
  • Robin asked me whether I could complete all the work or not.

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In this article, you have read about Interrogative Sentences in Direct and Indirect Speech (Narration), it was part-2 of this topic and in the part-3, I will cover Imperative Sentences. After that in part-4, I will cover all the remaining conditions like optative, exclamatory, conditional sentences.

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