Direct and Indirect Speech Part-4

Direct and Indirect Speech Part-4


Introduction

Hello everyone, now I am going to publish part-4 of Direct and Indirect Speech Rules, I have already published 3 parts of this topic. I have covered Affirmative, Interrogative, Imperative sentences and now I am going to share about conditional, optative, and exclamatory sentences. I am giving you the links of others just below to read them easily.

Direct and Indirect Speech Part-4
Photo by Polina Zimmerman from Pexels

Direct and Indirect Speech With Exclamatory Sentences

  • Those sentences which express sudden feelings are called exclamatory sentences.
  • Exclamatory sentences start with these words (Hurrah!, Hurray!, Oh!, Alas!, Bravo!, Eureka!, Ouch!, etc…..)
  • Hurrah! /Hurray!–– Happiness, Joy, Delight
  • Oh! / Alas!–– Sorrow, Sadness
  • Bravo!––Praise, Applause
  • Eureka!–– Surprise

Steps to change an Exclamatory sentence direct speech to indirect speech:

  1. Reporting verb will change into “Exclaimed with” in Indirect Speech [Exclaimed with + sudden feeling word(according to the sense)]
  2. Omit–––– (Object)
  3. Connective word–––– (That)
  4. Exclamatory word will be removed in indirect word.
  5. Tense and pronouns will also change according to the condition.
  6. In the Indirect speech, we will remove the interrogative sign because we will have changed it into simple tense.

For instances:

  • He said to us, “Hurrah! I have passed the exam.” (Direct Speech)
  • He exclaimed with happiness that he had passed the exam. (Indirect Speech)
  • She said to us, “Alas! The old beggar is dead.” (Direct Speech)
  • She exclaimed with sorrow that the old beggar was dead. (Indirect Speech)
  • The teacher said to me, “Bravo! You have done well.” (Direct Speech)
  • The teacher exclaimed with praise that I had done well. (Indirect Speech)
  • He said to them, “Eureka! I have solved the sum.” (Direct Speech)
  • He exclaimed with surprise that he had solved the sum. (Indirect Speech)
  • John said to me, “Charlie won the first prize in a marathon yesterday.” (Direct Speech)
  • John exclaimed with Charlie had won the first prize in a marathon the previous day. (Indirect Speech)

Direct and Indirect Speech Part-4

We have two special rules in Exclamatory sentences with ‘What’ and ‘How’

The use of ‘What’ and ‘How’ is possible in exclamatory sentences because ‘What’ and ‘How’ in exclamatory sentences are used to express surprise.

  • She said to me, “What a beautiful house it is!” (Direct Speech)
  • She exclaimed with surprise that it was a very beautiful house. or She exclaimed with surprise that the house was very beautiful. (Indirect Speech)
  • He said to him, “How tall you are!” (Direct Speech)
  • He exclaimed with surprise that she was very tall. (Indirect Speech)
Direct and Indirect Speech With Optative Sentences

Those sentences in which these words (Wish, Desire, Prayer, Blessings, Curse, etc…) are given, called optative sentences.

Note:- Optative sentences mostly start with (May)

Steps to change an Exclamatory sentence direct speech to indirect speech:

  1. The reporting verb will change according to the sense of the sentence in Indirect Speech and these following words will come (Wish, Desire, Prayer, Blessings, Curse, etc…..).
  2. Omit––(Object) [There is an exception which is that Object will come in Indirect Speech when Curse is given in Reported Speech]
  3. Connective word––(That)
  4. (That) + Pronoun (Subjective case) + (May––Might)
  5. Pronouns will also change according to the condition.
  6. Tense will not change because we do not make any change in “Optative Sentences” when we convert it Direct Speech to Indirect Speech.

For instances:

  • She said to him, “May you live long!” (Direct Speech)
  • She wished that he might live long. (Indirect Speech)
  • John said to me, “May you always succeed in life!” (Direct Speech)
  • John wished that I always might succeed in life. (Indirect Speech)
  • Roma said to him, “May you never get peace in life!” (Direct Speech)
  • Roma cursed him that he might never get peace in life. (Indirect Speech)
  • My teacher said to me, “May God bless you!” (Direct Speech)
  • My teacher wished that God might bless me. (Indirect Speech)
  • Her friend said to me, “May you never get success in life!” (Direct Speech)
  • Her friend cursed me that I might never get success in life. (Indirect Speech)

Telegram Channel

Join our Telegram channel (learnlanguageskills)

Direct and Indirect Speech with Conditional Sentences

Zero Conditional Sentences

For instances:

  • He said to me, “If you each too much, you get fat.” (Direct Speech)
  • He told me if I ate too much, I got fat. (Indirect Speech)
  • I said to them, “If babies get hungry, they cry loudly.” (Direct Speech)
  • I told them if babies got hungry, they cried loudly. (Indirect Speech)

First Conditional Sentence:

For instances:

  • I said to him, “If I go to France, I will certainly visit the Eifel Tower. (Direct Speech)
  • I told him if I went to Agra, I would visit the Eifel Tower. (Indirect Speech)
  • Lucy said to us, “If you play well, you will win the match. (Direct Speech)
  • Lucy told us if we played well, we would win the match. (Indirect Speech)

Second Conditional Sentence:

For instances:

  • I said to him, “If I went to India, I would visit Jammu & Kashmir.” (Direct Speech)
  • I told him if I had gone to India, I would visit Jammu & Kashmir. (Indirect Speech)
  • He said to them, “If you did hard-work, you would succeed in your life.” (Direct Speech)
  • He told them if they had done hard-work, they would succeed in their life. (Indirect Speech)
  • Jessica said to him, “If you came to me, I would help you. (Direct Speech)
  • Jessica told him if he had come to me, she would help him. (Indirect Speech)

Third Conditional Sentences:

For instances:

  • I said to her, “If I had gone to India, I would have visited New Delhi.” (Direct Speech)
  • I told her if I had gone to Agra, I would have visited New Delhi. (Indirect Speech)
  • John said to us, “If he had played well, he would have won the match. (Direct Speech)
  • John told us if he had played well, he would have won the match. (Indirect Speech)

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!