Direct and Indirect Speech Part-3

Direct and Indirect Speech Part-3


Introduction

Hello everyone, today I am going to publish part-3 of Direct and Indirect Speech in this article, you will learn about Imperative Sentences in Direct and Indirect Speech (Narration) with examples.  I have covered 2 parts of this topic so I am giving you their links here, you can directly go through them by the links to read the topic. After this part, I will cover the part-4 of the topic.

Direct and Indirect part-1

Direct and Indirect Part-2

Direct and Indirect Speech Part-3
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Imperative Sentences: – Those sentences which express ‘Order/Command, Advice, Suggestion, Proposal, and Request’ are called Imperative sentence.

How can you identify them?

You can easily find them because these sentences start with

  • Any first form of any verb
  • Do/Don’t
  • Please/Kindly
  • Let’s/Let us

Those sentences which start with “Any first form of a verb (V1)”

Steps to change an imperative sentence direct speech to indirect speech:

  1. The reporting verb will change according to the sense of the sentence in Indirect Speech and these following words will come (Order/Command, Advice, Suggestion, Proposal, and Request).
  2. Connective word–––– To
  3. Pronouns will also change according to the condition.
  4. Tense will not change because we do not make any change in “Imperative Sentences” when we convert it Direct Speech to Indirect Speech.

Direct and Indirect Speech Part-3

For instances:

  • She said to him, “Bring me a cup of tea.” (Direct speech)
  • She ordered him to bring her a cup of tea. (Indirect speech)
  • Roman said to us, “Clean your house. (Direct speech)
  • Roman ordered us to clean our house. (Indirect speech)
  • The doctor said to him, “Take some rest.” (Direct speech)
  • The doctor advised him to take some rest. (Indirect speech)
  • My mom said to me, “Open the door.” (Direct speech)
  • My mom told me to open the door. (Indirect speech)
  • Her teacher said to her, “Complete your homework and then play in the ground.” (Direct speech)
  • Her teacher suggested her to complete her homework and then play in the ground. (Indirect speech)

Those sentences which start with “Do/Don’t”

Note:- ‘Do’ is also a first form verb so we change it as we have done above. Let’s understand it by an example.

For instance:

  • She said to them, “Do your work quietly.”
  • She ordered them to do their work quietly.

Don’t:

Those sentences which start with “Don’t”, then there are two ways to change it Direct Speech to Indirect Speech.

Steps for the first method Steps for the second method
  1. The reporting verb will change according to the sense of the sentence in Indirect Speech and these following words will come (Order/Command, Advice, Suggestion, Proposal, and Request).
  2. Connective word– (Not To)
  3. Pronouns will also change according to the condition.
  4. Tense will not change because we do not make any change in “Imperative Sentences” when we convert it Direct Speech to Indirect Speech.
  1. The reporting verb will change into “Forbid” in Indirect Speech.
  2. Connective word–––– To
  3. Pronouns will also change according to the condition.
  4. Tense will not change because we do not make any change in “Imperative Sentences” when we convert it Direct Speech to Indirect Speech.

For instances:

  • She said to Johnson, “Don’t disturb me.” (Direct Speech)
  • She ordered Johnson to disturb her. or She forbade Johnson to disturb her. (Indirect Speech)
  • He said to Emma, “Don’t eat oily food.” (Direct Speech)
  • He advised Emma not to eat oily food. or He forbade Emma to eat oily food. (Indirect Speech)
  • She said to Robin, “Don’t repeat this mistake.” (Direct Speech)
  • She advised/ordered Robin not to repeat that mistake. or She forbade Robin to repeat that mistake. (Indirect Speech)
Those sentences which start with “Please/Kindly”

Please/Kindly: – These two words which show request in a sentence.

Steps to change an imperative sentence direct speech to indirect speech which start with ‘Please/Kindly’

  1. The reporting verb will change into “Request” in Indirect Speech.
  2. Please/Kindly will be removed in Indirect Speech.
  3. Connective word–– To
  4. Pronouns will also change according to the condition.
  5. Tense will not change because we do not make any change in “Imperative Sentences” when we convert it Direct Speech to Indirect Speech.

For instances:

  • She said to them, “Please solve this question. (Direct Speech)
  • She requested them to solve that question. (Indirect Speech)
  • They said to me, “Please help me.” (Direct Speech)
  • They requested me to help him. (Indirect Speech)
  • He said to us, “Please lend me some money.” (Direct Speech)
  • He requested us to lend him some money. (Indirect Speech)

Those sentences which start with “Let us/Let’s”

Steps to change an imperative sentence direct speech to indirect speech which start with ‘Let us/Let’s’

  1. The reporting verb will change into “Suggested/Proposed + to” in Indirect Speech.
  2. Connective word–––– (That)
  3. (That) + Pronoun (Subjective case) + should + V1 + ………..
  4. Pronouns will also change according to the condition.
  5. Tense will not change because we do not make any change in “Imperative Sentences” when we convert it Direct Speech to Indirect Speech.

For instances:

  • She said to me, “Let us go for a movie.” (Direct Speech)
  • She suggested to me that we should go to a movie. (Indirect Speech)
  • I said to them, “Let us help the poor. (Direct Speech)
  • I suggested to them that we should help the poor. (Indirect Speech)
  • Jessica said to me, “Let us study English.” (Direct Speech)
  • Jessica suggested to me that we should study English. (Indirect Speech)
Direct and Indirect Speech Part-3

Guys, you might be thinking why I have used different-different pronouns for each sentence even we have only (Let us) so I have three key points which are essential for it to find out which pronoun we should in each sentence.

Let’s look at those three points.

  1. If we get (First-person pronoun) at the place of subject or object in Reported speech, we will use (We) after (that) like (that + we) in Indirect Speech.
  2. If we get (Second person pronoun) at the place of subject or object in Reported speech, we will use (You) after (that) like (that + you) in Indirect Speech.
  3. If we get (First-person pronoun) at the place of subject or object in Reported speech, we will use (They) after (that) like (that + they) in Indirect Speech.

For instances:

  • He said to us, “Let us play football.”
  • In the first example, you can see (First-person and Third-person pronoun) so we will use according to (the first person pronoun), it doesn’t matter, we have two pronouns at the same time in a sentence. We use the subject only according to the (first-person pronoun). I mean to say that we will use only (We) in this condition.
  • If we have two pronouns (Second person and Third-person pronoun) in a sentence, we will use the subject according to the (second-person pronoun). I mean to say that we will use only (You) in this condition.
  • If we have two pronouns (from the Third person pronoun) in a sentence, we will use a subjective pronoun (They) in this condition.
  • He suggested to us that we should play football.
  • You said to her, “Let us go shopping.”
  • You suggested to her that you should go shopping.
  • They said to her, “Let us go for a walk.
  • They suggested to her that they should go for a walk.

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