Active and Passive Voice Rules Part-1

Active and Passive Voice Rules | English Grammar


Introduction

Hello everyone today I am feeling fantastic to share with you “Active and Passive Voice Rules”. In this article, you will learn about them and will help to help to build your grammar section. After reading this article properly, you will be able to change Active voice to Passive voice easily. Let’s start it.

Active and Passive Voice Rules
Photo from Pexels

What is an active and passive voice in English grammar?

Active Voice:- Those sentences in which, we give priority to the subject are called Active Voice.

Passive Voice:- Those sentences in which, we give priority to the object are called Passive Voice.

Note 1) We cannot make any passive voice without helping the verb.

2) We cannot make any passive voice without the third form of the verb.

Basic Rules

  1. Simple Present:

Subject + V1/V5 + object

  1. I teach them.
  2. He sings a sweet song.
  1. Simple Present:

Object + is/are/am + V3 + by + subject

  1. They are taught by me.
  2. A sweet song is sung by him.
  1. Present Continuous Tense:

Subject + is/are/am + V4 (progresive)+ object.

  1. I am writing a letter.
  2. They are playing football.
  3. She is learning English.
  1. Present Continuous Tense:

Object + is/are/am + being + V3 + object

  1. A letter is being written by me.
  2. Football is being played by them.
  3. English is being learned by her.
  1. Present Perfect Tense:

Subject + has/have + V3 + object.

  1. She has finished all the work.
  2. They have made many cakes.
  1. Present Perfect Tense:

Object + has/have + been + V3 + by + subject.

  1. All the work has been finished by her.
  2. Many cakes have been made by them.
  1. Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

Not Possible

now you have read about active and passive voice till present tense how to change them and next, you will read Active and Passive voice in Past Tense how to change them.

Active and Passive Voice Rules

  1. Simple Past:

Subject + V2 + object.

  1. She taught English in that school.
  2. I sang a sweet song.
  1. Simple Past:

Object + was/were + V3 + by + subject.

  1. English was taught by her in that school.
  2. A sweet song was sung by me.
  1. Past Continuous Tense:

Subject + was/were + V4 + object.

  1. They were cooking food.
  2. She was solving questions.
  1. Past Continuous Tense:

Object + was/were + being + V4 + by + subject.

  1. Food was being cooked by them.
  2. Questions were being solved by her.
  1. Past Perfect Tense:

Subject + had + V3 + object.

  1. She had followed my advice.
  2. I had completed all the work.
  1. Past Perfect Tense:

Object + had + been + V3 + by + subject

  1. My advice had been followed by her.
  2. All the work had been completed by me.
8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: Not Possible

Now you have read about Present and Past Tense how to change an active voice to passive and next you will read about Future Tense how to change an active voice to passive in the future tense.

  1. Simple Future:

Subject + will/shall + V1 + object.

  1. They will repeat their mistakes.
  2. I shall play cricket.
  1. Simple Future:

Object + will/shall + be + V3 + by + subject.

  1. The mistakes will be repeated by them.
  2. Cricket will be played by me.
  1. Future Continuous:

Subject + will/shall + be + V4 + object.

  1. Future Continuous:

Not Possible

  1. Future Perfect Tense:

Subject + will/shall + have + V3 + object.

  1. He will have followed my advice.
  2. We shall have finished our homework.
  1. Future Perfect Tense:

Object + will/shall + have + been + V3 + by + subject.

  1. My advice will have been followed by him.
  2. Our homework will have been finished by us.
12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense: Not Possible

Now you have read about all the affirmative tenses on how to change all of an active voice to passive and you will read about Interrogative sentences.

Interrogative Rules for Active and Passive Voice

There are two types of interrogative Active and Passive Voice

1) Those sentences start with a helping verb. [helping verb + sub + main verb + object?]

2) Those sentences start with WH-Word. [WH-word + helping verb + sub + main verb + object?]

Note 1) We change Active voice (Interrogative sentence) into Passive voice, then It changes into the same format.

2) If an Active Voice (sentence) starts with WH-Word, Passive Voice will start with WH-Word.

For example-  Active Voice (Interrogative sentence)—-Passive Voice (Interrogative sentence)

Basic Rules of Forming Active Voice (Interrogative) to Passive Voice (Interrogative)

Active Voice Passive Voice
  1. Simple Present:
  • Do/does + subject + V1 + object+?
  • WH-word + do/does + subject + V1 + object+?
  1. Why do we play soccer?
  2. Why does John eat the apples?
  1. Simple Present:
  • Is/are/am + object + V3 + by + subject+?
  • WH-word + is/are/am + object + V3 + by + subject+?
  1. Why is soccer played by us?
  2. Why are the apples eaten by John?
  1. Present Continuous Tense:
  • Is/are/am + subject + V4 + object+?
  • WH-word + is/are/am + subject + V4 + object+?
  1. Why is William singing a song?
  2. What is Jessica eating in the morning?
  1. Present Continuous Tense:
  • Is/are/am + object + being + V3 + object+?
  • WH-word + is/are/am + object + being + V3 + subject+?
  1. Why is a song being sung by William?
  2. What is being eaten by Jessica in the morning?
  1. Present Perfect Tense:
  • Has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. When has Harry written a letter?
  2. When have they finished dinner?
  1. Present Perfect Tense:
  • Has/have + object + been + V3 + by + subject+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. When has a letter been written by Harry?
  2. When has the dinner been finished by them?
  1. Present Perfect Continuous Tense:
Not Possible
Active and Passive Voice Rules
  1. Simple Past:
  • Did + subject + V1 + object+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. How did he sing a song?
  1. Simple Past:
  • Was/were + object + V3 + by + subject+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. How was a song sung by him?
  1. Past Continuous Tense:
  • Was/Were + subject + V4 + object+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. Was I disturbing her?
  2. Why were they telling a lie?
  1. Past Continuous Tense:
  • Was/were + object + being + V4 + by + subject+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. Was she being disturbed by me?
  2. Why was a lie being told by them?
  1. Past Perfect Tense:
  • Had + subject + V3 + object+?
  • WH-Word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. Had John studied English?
  2. Had Sandra completed graduation?
  1. Past Perfect Tense:
  • Had + object + been + V3 + by + subject+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. Had English been studied by John?
  2. Had graduation been completed by Sandra?
8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: Not Possible
Active and Passive Voice Rules
  1. Simple Future:
  • Will/shall + subject + V1 + object+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. When will you play soccer?
  1. Simple Future:
  • Will/shall + object + be + V3 + by + subject+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. When will soccer be played by you?
  1. Future Continuous:
  1. Future Continuous:

Not Possible

  1. Future Perfect Tense:
  • Will/shall + subject + have + V3 + object+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. Will we have passed the exam?
  1. Future Perfect Tense:
  • Will/shall + object + have + been + V3 + by + subject+?
  • WH-word + has/have + subject + V3 + object+?
  1. Will the exam have been passed by us?
12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense: Not Possible

Now you have read about affirmative and interrogative sentences active and passive voice on how to change them easily apart from that Imperative sentences is remaining to publish so I will publish them in the next article and I hope you would like this and share with your friends because I tried my best to explain each and everything in a simple way and I am going to give the link of the second part of it. Just click on the given link. Active and Passive Voice Rules Part-1

Click on the given link for more posts. (Learn Language Skills)


Telegram Channel

Join our Telegram channel (learnlanguageskills)

Facebook page of Learn Language Skills

Join us on Facebook (Learn Language Skills)

Check out these links:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!